Oncoplastic surgery simply refers to the combination of plastic surgery techniques at the same time of tumor removal. Take for example, a patient with a cancerous tumor which she choses to have removed in a lumpectomy. The defect, depending on its location, may be reconstructed immediately using plastic surgery principles.
Both patients below diagnosed with left breast cancer. Both women had larger breasts and preferred breast conservation therapy and therefore chose lumpectomy with radiation. Given that the tumors were located lower in the breast, they were candidates for using breast reduction techniques once the tumor was excised in a lumpectomy specimen. This allowed them to preserve much of the native breast anatomy and architecture.